Implementation

Be the change

UDL Guidelines - Version 2.0: Examples and Resources

Checkpoint 2.3: Support decoding of text, mathematical notation, and symbols

I. Provide Multiple Means of Representation

Language, expressions, and symbols

Key Considerations

  • How does this help learners meet the goal?
  • How does this account for the variability of all learners?
  • Can learners decode the information fluently?

 

 

udlcenter [at] udlcenter [dot] org (Can you think of other examples/resources that illustrate this checkpoint? Tell us!)

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Example/Resource Why UDL?
Click, Speak logo

CLiCK, Speak

CLiCK, Speak is a text-to-speech function designed for sighted users who want to hear text read aloud. It is compatible with Windows and Macintosh.

Age Group: All ages
Content Area: All content
Cost: Free
Technology Involved: Internet connection

Why UDL? CLiCK, Speak is an excellent example of providing options for decoding text. Students who have difficulty decoding, students who are English-Language Learners, and students who simply like to listen to text as they read all benefit from this option.

 Voki Avatar

Voki

Voki, is  text to speech generator that allows the user to create a personal speaking avatar that can be embedded in a website.  The site offers a high level of customization ranging from the overall look of the Voki to the sound of its voice.

Age Group: All ages
Content Area: All content
Cost: Free
Technology Involved: Internet connection

Why UDL? Voki is a creative and versatile text-to-speech option and serves as another great example of providing options for decoding. Reading text aloud can help students who are struggling to decode by modeling pronunciation of letter and word sounds and by making a connection between oral language and written text. Plus, the fact that students can customize the look and sound of their avatars adds to engagement!

See also:
1.3: Offer alternatives for visual information

Screen within the Explorer that allows you to choose voice and speed

AIM Explorer

The AIM Explorer is a free simulation that combines grade-leveled digital text with access features common to most text readers and other supported reading software. Magnification, custom text and background colors, text-to-speech (synthetic and human), text highlighting, and layout options are presented in a logical sequence to help struggling readers decide which of these supports might help them to access and understand text.

Age Group: All ages
Content Area: All content
Cost: Free
Technology Involved: Internet connection; once downloaded, application can be used with or without an Internet connection

Why UDL? Text-to-speech is an effective way to provide options for decoding text. The AIM Explorer allows users to explore their preferences for different text-to-speech options such as voice (synthetic and human), speed, and text highlighting.

See also:
1.1: Offer ways of customizing the display of information

1.3: Offer alternatives for visual information

Starfall logo

Starfall

Starfall is a free learn-to-read website. It contains various interactive activities and games related to the essential components of early reading. Primarily designed for first grade, Starfall is also useful for pre-kindergarten, kindergarten and second grade.

Age Group: K-2
Content Area: Early Literacy
Cost: Free books posted on site, others for a cost
Technology Involved: Internet connection

Why UDL? Designed for early readers, Starfall features activities and games that build decoding skills such as the pairing of sounds with letters and letter combinations.

Students and a teacher working on a computer

AIM Navigator

"The AIM Navigator is a free tool that facilitates the process of decision-making around accessible instructional materials for an individual student. The four major decision points in the process include 1) determination of need, 2) selection of format(s), 3) acquisition of formats; and 4) selection of supports for use. The AIM Navigator includes guiding questions, information that informs decision-making, and useful resources for each decision point."

Age Group: All ages
Content Area: All content
Cost: Free
Technology Involved: Internet connection

Why UDL? AIM are specialized formats of curricular content that can be used by and students with print-disabilities. They include formats such as Braille, audio, large print, and electronic text. The audio format and the electronic text format coupled with text-to-speech are excellent examples of providing options that decode text.

See also:
1.1: Offer ways of customizing the display of information

1.3: Offer alternatives for visual information

4.1: Vary the methods for response and navigation

4.2: Optimize access to tools and assistive technologies

AIM logo - blue hexagon, orange octagon, green circle

National Center on Accessible Instructional Materials (AIM)

This site serves as a resource to state- and district-level educators, parents, publishers, conversion houses, accessible media producers, and others interested in learning more about and implementing AIM and NIMAS.

Age Group: All ages
Content Area: All content
Cost: Free
Technology Involved: Internet connection to access the website

Why UDL? AIM are specialized formats of curricular content that can be used by and students with print-disabilities. They include formats such as Braille, audio, large print, and electronic text. The audio format and the electronic text format coupled with text-to-speech are excellent examples of providing options that decode text.

See also:

1.1: Offer ways of customizing the display of information

1.3: Offer alternatives for visual information

4.1: Vary the methods for response and navigation

4.2: Optimize access to tools and assistive technologies

real world example for "angle"

Mathematics Glossary

This free online glossary defines mathematical terms and concepts through text, images, and examples relating to real world applications.

Age Group: All ages
Content Area: Math
Cost: Free
Technology Involved: Internet connection

Why UDL? The Mathematics Glossary uses multiple means of representation to help students decode mathematical notation.

See also:
2.1: Clarify vocabulary and symbols

W3C logo

Math ML

Informational website on Mathematical Markup Language, or MathML. MathML is an XML application for describing mathematical notation and capturing both its structure and content.

Age Group: All ages
Content Area: Math
Cost: Free
Technology Involved: Internet connection

Why UDL? Access this website to learn more about Math ML and how mathematical equations are being embedded in digital format in the same way that text has been embedded to promote the flexibility and fluidity of mathematical notation on the web.

See also:
1.3: Offer alternatives for visual information

Last Updated: 07/22/2015

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