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About UDL

Learn the basics

This is an alternate version of the UDL Guidelines found in the new book UDL Theory and Practice. The principles, guidelines and research basis are the same, however the order of the principles and the guidelines have changed.

Universal Design for Learning Guidelines

Graphic of the brain with the affective network shown in green

Provide Multiple Means of
Engagement
Purposeful, motivated learners

Provide options for self-regulation
+
 Promote expectations and beliefs that optimize motivation
+ Facilitate personal coping skills and strategies
+ Develop self-assessment and reflection

Provide options for sustaining effort
and persistance
+
 Heighten salience of goals and objectives
+ Vary demands and resources to optimize challenge
+ Foster collaboration and community
+ Increase mastery-oriented feedback

Provide options for recruiting interest
+
 Optimize individual choice and autonomy
+ Optimize relevance, value, and authenticity
+ Minimize threats and distractions

Graphic of the brain with the strategic network shown in purple

Provide Multiple Means of
Representation
Resourceful, knowledgeable learners

Provide options for comprehension
+
 Activate or supply background knowledge
+ Highlight patterns, critical features, big ideas, and relationships
+ Guide information processing, visualization, and manipulation
+ Maximize transfer and generalization

Provide options for language, mathematical expressions, and symbols
+
 Clarify vocabulary and symbols
+ Clarify syntax and structure
+ Support decoding text, mathematical notation, and symbols
+ Promote understanding across languages
+ Illustrate through multiple media

Provide options for perception
+
 Offer ways of customizing the display of information
+ Offer alternatives for auditory information
+ Offer alternatives for visual information

Graphic of the brain with the recognition network shown in blue

Provide Multiple Means of
Action & Expression
Strategic, goal-directed learners

Provide options for executive functions
+
 Guide appropriate goal-setting
+ Support planning and strategy development
+ Enhance capacity for monitoring progress

Provide options for expression and communication
+
 Use multiple media for communication
+ Use multiple tools for construction and composition
+ Build fluencies with graduated levels of support for practice and performance

Provide options for physical action
+
 Vary the methods for response and navigation
+ Optimize access to tools and assistive technologies

Last Updated: 11/12/2014

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