About UDL

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This is an alternate version of the UDL Guidelines found in the new book UDL Theory and Practice. The principles, guidelines and research basis are the same, however the order of the principles and the guidelines have changed.

Universal Design for Learning Guidelines

Graphic of the brain with the affective network shown in green

Provide Multiple Means of
Purposeful, motivated learners

Provide options for self-regulation
 Promote expectations and beliefs that optimize motivation
+ Facilitate personal coping skills and strategies
+ Develop self-assessment and reflection

Provide options for sustaining effort
and persistence
 Heighten salience of goals and objectives
+ Vary demands and resources to optimize challenge
+ Foster collaboration and community
+ Increase mastery-oriented feedback

Provide options for recruiting interest
 Optimize individual choice and autonomy
+ Optimize relevance, value, and authenticity
+ Minimize threats and distractions

Graphic of the brain with the strategic network shown in purple

Provide Multiple Means of
Resourceful, knowledgeable learners

Provide options for comprehension
 Activate or supply background knowledge
+ Highlight patterns, critical features, big ideas, and relationships
+ Guide information processing, visualization, and manipulation
+ Maximize transfer and generalization

Provide options for language, mathematical expressions, and symbols
 Clarify vocabulary and symbols
+ Clarify syntax and structure
+ Support decoding text, mathematical notation, and symbols
+ Promote understanding across languages
+ Illustrate through multiple media

Provide options for perception
 Offer ways of customizing the display of information
+ Offer alternatives for auditory information
+ Offer alternatives for visual information

Graphic of the brain with the recognition network shown in blue

Provide Multiple Means of
Action & Expression
Strategic, goal-directed learners

Provide options for executive functions
 Guide appropriate goal-setting
+ Support planning and strategy development
+ Enhance capacity for monitoring progress

Provide options for expression and communication
 Use multiple media for communication
+ Use multiple tools for construction and composition
+ Build fluencies with graduated levels of support for practice and performance

Provide options for physical action
 Vary the methods for response and navigation
+ Optimize access to tools and assistive technologies

Last Updated: 04/24/2017

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