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This graphic organizer of the Universal Design for Learning Guidelines depicts the three main principles of UDL in three color-coded columns with numbered explanations and bulleted examples beneath each principle heading.
Principle I. Provide Multiple Means of Representation is shown on the left in dark pink and includes the following:
1. Provide options for perception: options that customize the display of information, options that provide alternatives for auditory information, options that provide alternatives for visual information.
2. Provide options for language and symbols: options that define vocabulary and symbols, options that clarify syntax and structure, options for decoding text or mathematical notation, options that promote cross-linguistic understanding, options that illustrate key concepts non-linguistically.
3. Provide options for comprehension: options that provide or activate background knowledge; options that highlight critical features, big ideas, and relationships; options that guide information processing; options that support memory and transfer.
Principle II. Provide Multiple Means of Action and Expression is shown in the center in blue and includes the following:
4. Provide options for physical action: options in the mode of physical response, options in the means of navigation, options for accessing tools and assistive technologies.
5. Provide options for expressive skills and fluency: options in the media for communication, options in the tools for composition and problem solving, options in the scaffolds for practice and performance.
6. Provide options for executive functions: options that guide effective goal-setting, options that support planning and strategy development, options that facilitate managing information and resources, options that enhance capacity for monitoring progress.
Principle III. Provide Multiple Means of Engagement is shown on the right in green and includes the following:
7. Provide options for recruiting interest: options that increase individual choice and autonomy; options that enhance relevance, value, and authenticity; options that reduce threats and distractions.
8. Provide options for sustaining effort and persistence: options that heighten salience of goals and objectives, options that vary levels of challenge and support, options that foster collaboration and communication, options that increase mastery-oriented feedback.
9. Provide options for self-regulation: options that guide personal goal-setting and expectations, options that scaffold coping skills and strategies, options that develop self-assessment and reflection.
A footer at the bottom of the graphic organizer reads © 2011 by CAST. All rights reserved. www.cast.org, www.udlcenter.org. APA Citation: CAST (2008). Universal design for learning guidelines version 1.0. Wakefield, MA: Author.
Last Updated: 12/02/2013